rainwaeter harvesting

A Review of the Top Rainwater Harvesting Systems

By Tobias RobertsRise Writer
Dec 21, 2019

When considering the essential elements of the sustainable home, most people begin to think about renewable energy options and energy efficiency home upgrades. In the United States, the residential sector contributes almost 12 percent of all greenhouse gas emissions. These emissions, according to the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), stem “from fossil fuels burned for heat, the use of certain products that contain greenhouse gases, and the handling of waste.” Given this reality, shifting to more energy-efficient homes that rely on solar panels and other forms of residential renewable energy technologies is a crucial element towards making our homes more sustainable and resilient.

But what about the water we use in our homes? The vast majority of homeowners across the country do not know where their potable water comes from or how it gets to their homes. As long as water comes through the faucets and showerheads whenever we turn them on, most people are content in that ignorance. Transitioning to more efficient water technologies such as dual flush toiletslow flow showerheads, and more efficient sprinkler systems is undoubtedly essential. However, taking that extra step to capture, store, and use the rainwater falling on the roof of your home should become another crucial aspect of environmentally friendly homes.

rain barrels outside
Photo Credit: Pheasant Hill Homes

Why Rainwater Harvesting Systems are Essential 

A 2014 study titled “The Geographic Footprint of Electricity Use for Water Services in the Western U.S.” states that the “U.S. public drinking water systems use roughly 39.2 billion kWh per year, which corresponds to about 1% of total 37 electricity use in the U.S., while municipal wastewater treatment systems use approximately 30.2 billion kWh per year or about 0.8% of total electricity use.”

The amount of energy needed to pump water from long distances into individual homes comes with an enormous energy footprint. At the same time, the amount of rainwater falling onto the roofs of our houses is more than enough water to supply our yearly needs. Unfortunately, very few homeowners have any rainwater harvesting system set up. Even fewer make use of a cistern to capture, filter, and store that water for later use.

Consider the following: Every inch of rain that falls on 1,000 square feet of impermeable surfaces, such as a roof, generates 620 gallons of potentially potable water. A 2,000 square foot home that lives in a region with 35 inches of annual rain, then, could collect over 43,000 gallons of water each year. On average, American households use around 300 gallons of water each day, or 109,000 gallons of water. 

Switching to water-efficient fixtures can easily cut that number in half. With a high-quality rainwater catchment system, then, homeowners can virtually eliminate their reliance on municipal water systems, which come with an enormous energy footprint.

Last year, Rise interviewed Paul Holland, the homeowner of the Tah Mah Lah, one of America´s most sustainable homes. In that interview, Holland talked about the numerous sustainability features of his house. No element was more essential, however than his massive cistern and water catchment system. Holland told us that “by 2040 we are probably going to lose the snowpack in the Sierra (California) and that is our main water source. So, when people marvel at our 50,000-gallon water cistern, it’s not over the top. Rather, there will come a time in the future when every home in California will need to have their cistern and rainwater catchment system to deal with the loss of the snowpack in the Sierra.”

Rainwater catchment systems, then, don’t only help to reduce the environmental and carbon footprint of our homes, but can also play an essential role in making our homes more resilient and regenerative. Instead of merely allowing potable rainwater to become stormwater that contaminates local watersheds, regeneratively-designed homes find ways to utilize that water for household use and permaculture landscape design.

Our Favorite Rainwater Harvesting Systems on the Market 

Innovative homeowners with some DIY construction talents could potentially build their household rainwater harvesting system. For those of us who have trouble distinguishing a hammer from a screwdriver, however, there are fortunately several commercially produced rainwater harvesting systems available for purchase. Below, we review a few of the top options currently on the market.

steel rain tank
Photo Credit: RainFlo

Rainflo Steel Tank

RainFlo 1500 Gallon Corrugated Steel Tank Rainwater Harvesting Package

This complete rainwater harvesting system comes with everything you need to get started capturing the water that falls on your roof. Due to its relatively small size (1,500 gallons), it is best for homes located in areas with steady amounts of year-round rains. Areas with extended periods of drought could experience times without water if rainfall patterns are not consistent.

The RainFlo 1500 is made from heavy-duty corrugated steel. Other components of this tank system include a geo-textile pre-liner, a durable 30 Mil non-potable PVC liner, a six-inch overflow assembly, and a two-inch outlet valve. The system costs $6,695, and free shipping is available across the country. You can also purchase several additional upgrades to the system from the same company. These upgrades include filtering systems, automatic pumps, and even a Rainwater System Controller that manages all of the functions required in a typical residential or commercial rainwater collection system.

underground rain capture
Photo Credit: Aquascape

Aquascape Rainwater System

Aquascape Rainwater Harvesting System

The Aquascape Rainwater Harvesting System comes in a unique modular design that allows for maximum flexibility for the details and needs of your rainwater collection. It comes with a filtration system pre-designed into the construction. Instead of unsightly cement or plastic storage tanks, the system is designed around a beautiful water feature that integrates into existing landscapes and stores water underground. This system can even be located underneath permeable pavement systems to capture stormwater before it runs off your property. You can read more about this revolutionary rainwater harvesting system here. Their 2,500-gallon water storage kit starts at $5,000.

aquamate water tank
Photo Credit: Aquamate

Aquamate Water Tank

Aquamate 16,000 Gallon Water Tank

For homeowners willing to invest a little bit more money into a system that will virtually guarantee them a steady, autonomous water supply throughout the year, the Aquamate 16,000 gallon water tank is an excellent place to start. This corrugated steel tank comes with a 20-year no-leak guarantee. Additional features include a two-inch outlet with a nickel coated metal ball valve, a two-inch drain, a six-inch overflow with mosquito screen, and a 20-inch inlet strainer with an incorporated UV guard to keep your water protected from debris. You can write to the company here for more information on pricing.

Conclusion

Whether you install a few 55-gallon steel drum barrels underneath the downspout connected to your gutter or invest in a 30,000-gallon corrugated steel tank, rainwater harvesting for household and landscape use is an essential element of every sustainable home. At the most basic level, the rainwater you harvest from your roof can be recycled back into the landscape around your home in the form of unique and beautiful rain gardens. If you are looking for a system that can allow you to use rainwater for household, potable use, the following features are necessary:

  • A first-flush system that diverts roof debris
  • Several filters of different sizes
  • Unique water purification technologies
  • High-efficiency pump

Any of the above rainwater harvesting systems are an excellent place to start for sourcing and sizing the best rainwater harvesting system for your individual needs.

Disclaimer: This article does not constitute a product endorsement however Rise does reserve the right to recommend relevant products based on the articles content to provide a more comprehensive experience for the reader.Last Modified: 2021-07-10T05:50:48+0000