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Learn about Concrete Flooring

Concrete Flooring

Concrete flooring is floor made of an overpour of concrete, typically at least 2 inches thick or more. A concrete floor can be used as an effective place to install in-floor radiant hydronic heat distribution. The floor surface can be polished and finished with concrete floor stain to produce colors and patterns.

Look for concrete with a high content of recycled material and fly ash. If you are installing in-floor radiant heating in the floor, that's an additional cost, and if it's on the ground floor it needs to be extra well insulated underneath, because in-floor radiant heat loses more heat to the ground than other heating systems. Seek local concrete producers for lower transportation distance. Choose a low- or no-VOC stain to finish the surface.

Concrete is very durable, only requires a minimal finish, and requires little maintenance. It conducts heat well, so it works well as a substrate for in-floor heating. On the down side, concrete takes a lot of energy to produce, and its production emits high greenhouse gases. But once it is installed and cured, there are no off-gassing emissions in your home and it does not accumulate dust or dirt.

Mortar, a cement made of heated lime, sand, and water, that hardens over time with exposure to air, first made over 7,000 years ago in the Middle Eastern region, was an early precursor to cement, which is a key component of modern concrete.